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Innermost Secrets / Innermost Living / Body Clock
Skip Navigation LinksFemale Sexual Problems
Page modified at: 05/08/2010


Intercourse pain, or dyspareunia, can cause problems in a couple’s sexual relationship.

Painful female intercourse can have negative emotional effects in addition to the physical pain, so the problem should be addressed as soon as it becomes evident.



What causes female sexual pain?


In some cases, a woman can experience painful intercourse if one of the following conditions is present:

  • Vaginismus—This is a common condition in which there is a spasm in the vaginal muscles, mainly caused by the fear of being hurt. 
  • Vaginal infections—These conditions are common and include yeast infections. 
  • Problems with the cervix (opening to the uterus)—The penis can reach the cervix at maximum penetration. Therefore, problems with the cervix (such as infections) can cause pain during deep penetration. 
  • Problems with the uterus—These may include fibroids that can cause deep intercourse pain. 
  • Endometriosis—A condition in which the endometrium (tissue lining the uterus) grows outside the uterus. 
  • Problems with the ovaries— Such problems might include cysts on the ovaries. 
  • Pelvic Inflammatory Disease— The tissues deep inside become badly inflamed, and the pressure of intercourse causes deep pain. 
  • Ectopic pregnancy—A pregnancy in which a fertilized egg develops outside of the uterus. 
  • Intercourse too soon after surgery or childbirth. 
  • Vaginal dryness – This is common in older women due to hormonal changes of the menopause 
  • Sexually transmitted diseases—These may include genital warts, herpes sores, or other STDs. 
How can sexual pain in women be treated?
Some treatments for female sexual pain do not require medical intervention. For example, in the case of painful female intercourse after pregnancy, wait at least six weeks after childbirth before attempting intercourse. Make sure to practice gentleness and patience. In cases in which there is vaginal dryness or a lack of lubrication, try water-based lubricants.

Some treatments for sexual pain do require a doctor’s care. If vaginal dryness is due to menopause, ask a health care professional about estrogen creams or other prescription medications. Other causes of painful intercourse also may require prescription medications.

For cases of sexual pain in which there is no underlying medical cause, sexual therapy might be helpful. Some individuals may need to resolve issues such as guilt, inner conflicts regarding sex, or feelings regarding past abuse.

Relieve Painful Intercourse with Expert Consultants

Dyspareunia, commonly referred to as painful intercourse, can be caused by physical or psychological problems. The feeling of dyspareunia can ultimately ruin an intimate moment between you and your partner and may cause you to feel guilty and unsatisfied.

A common problem for dyspareunia is vaginismus which is when involuntary spasms in the vagina occur due to fear of being hurt during sexual intercourse or inserting tampons. There are numerous reasons why women may develop vaginismus, such as urinary infections, domestic violence, fear of penetration, anxiety, or due to a history of sexual abuse or watching others being sexually abused. Many women who suffer vaginismus have deep rooted confidence issues about their genital areas, and it may be important to address these issues so they are no longer subject to vaginismus. If this is a continual problem then it may be best to consult one of our qualified doctors here at Innermost Aecrets, as we can attempt to identify why you may be suffering from vaginismus and can provide medical treatment or refer you to a sexual therapist to conquer your fears.

Dyspareunia can be a problem many women can develop after the birth of a child as they have not allowed their body to repair since labour. Therefore it is advised to wait six weeks after childbirth before participating in sexual intercourse.

Many women who are suffering from dyspareunia are often in distress due to a vaginal infection such as a yeast infection. This can ultimately cause a female pain during or after sex.

Many women who are experiencing the menopause may be subject to vaginal dryness which can cause dyspareunia; if you are suffering vaginal dryness you can receive medical intervention from a doctor as they can supply you with prescriptive medication or estrogen creams.

It is vital you receive medical help if painful intercourse continues as you may be suffering from a cyst on your ovaries or have problems with your uterus, while there is no reason to panic, it is always best to consult a GP.

However, while painful intercourse is a more common female problem, many men also suffer from this condition. Some men suffer severe pain after ejaculation, and this may be due to an infection in their prostate or bladder or they may be suffering from an STD such as gonorrhoea. Sexually transmitted diseases are a common problem of dyspareunia for both men and women, with inflictions such as genital warts or herpes being the root of the pain; therefore you should immediately come to us here at Innermost Secrets where we can provide you with appropriate medical treatment.

Here at Innermost Secrets we have qualified gynaecologists who can help relieve painful intercourse, and can refer you to a sexual therapist who can help to prevent conditions such as vaginismus from occurring.

Whether your pain is due to a mental or physical cause, or both, then we can help to ease painful intercourse which will ultimately improve intimate relationships and physical confidence.

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